Adoption is the legal procedure through which a minor or adult is recognized by law as being the son or daughter of the adopting adult(s) and as having all the rights and duties of such relationship, including the right of inheritance. The adoptee takes the name designated by the petitioner(s).
3. WHO CAN BE ADOPTED?
The following persons may be adopted:
- A minor.
- An adult under any one of the following conditions:
- He or she is totally and permanently disabled.
- He or she is determined to be mentally retarded.
- He or she consents in writing to be adopted and is related in any degree of kinship, as defined by the intestacy laws of Alabama , or is a stepchild by marriage.
- He or she consents in writing to be adopted by an adult man and woman who are husband and wife.
( Acts 1990, No. 90-554, p. 912, & sect;6, Act 98-101, p. 118, & sect;1.)
5. CAN GRANDPARENTS OBTAIN VISITATION RIGHTS TO SEE THE ADOPTEE AFTER THE ADOPTION?
Ordinarily the grandparents have no visitation rights with their grandchildren when the natural parent's rights have been terminated by adoption. However, at the courts' discretion, the court may allow such visitation rights if the child is adopted by a close relative or a stepparent, provided it is in the child's best interests.
10. WHEN, WHERE, AND IN WHAT FORM MUST A CONSENT OR RELINQUISHMENT FOR ADOPTION BE GIVEN?
A consent or relinquishment for adoption may be given at any time. The pre-birth consent of the mother must be signed or confirmed before a Probate Judge. All other pre-birth or post-birth consents or relinquishments must be signed or confirmed before the Probate Judge or clerk of the Probate Court, or someone appointed by the Court to do such, a person appointed by the agency conducting the investigation, or a notary public. The consent or relinquishment must be in substantially the same form as provided in the adoption code and must be in writing and signed by the person consenting or relinquishing.
15. WHAT EXPENSES CAN I PAY?
A person seeking to adopt a child may pay maternity connected medical or hospital and necessary living expenses of the mother preceding birth and during pregnancy and related incapacity as long as such payments are made as an act of charity and such payment is not contingent upon placement of the child for adoption. All fees and expenses, including legal, medical, investigative, or other legitimate professional fees may only be paid with court approval.